“Do not spoil what you have by desiring what you have not; but remember that what you now have was once among the things you only hoped for” -Epicurus, Greek Philosopher (341 BC – 270 BC)
Have you ever purchased something, something you really wanted, only to discover that it made the rest of your stuff seem a bit old and dated?
Rather than accepting some variance in the style against your older possessions, have you then been tempted to upgrade your old and dated stuff?
This is called the ‘Diderot Effect’, named after the French philosopher Denis Diderot (1713–84) who first described the effect in an essay titled “Regrets on Parting with My Old Dressing Gown“. In this essay he describes how a gift of a brand new scarlet dressing gown leads to unexpected results, nearly making him bankrupt in the process.
How do you become bankrupt just by receiving a gift of a new, sleek and beautiful scarlet dressing gown (aka smoking jacket)? Well the effect kind of tricks you like this. Have you ever bought nice new shirt, and thought that your old pants now look shabby against it? So you go and buy new pants to match, and shoes, and a handbag, and a belt, etc. You get the picture, right.
The same can be said for putting a new piece of furniture into a room of existing pieces. Soon you are shopping at the mall or high street to buy new furniture and fittings to make the original purchase look at home probably to the detriment of your bank account.
The same thing happened to Diderot or so he wrote. He thought that his new robe looked so nice, that he thought that all the stuff in his apartment looked drab and ordinary against it. So he bought lots and lots of new and expensive stuff to spruce up his abode, with a big hit on his financial accounts. In the end he had this to say,
“I was absolute master of my old dressing gown, but I have become a slave to my new one … Beware of the contamination of sudden wealth. The poor man may take his ease without thinking of appearances, but the rich man is always under a strain.”
It has taken me a few years since my green epiphany, and a lot of thought after reading a book by Clive Hamilton and Richard Denniss titled Affluenza: When Too Much is Never Enough, but I am no longer influenced by this effect or most advertising for that matter. I only replace what I need, when the old item is beyond repair, and only after I have gone without it for a few weeks to see if I can get by without it.
Case in point, my clothes dryer that broke a few months back. You can read about how we adapted in the absence of this so called laundry necessity on my post titled “Ditching the Clothes Dryer“. This is a classic example of rethinking and changing my behaviours for the better.
My warning to you all is beware the Diderot Effect and get off the consumerist treadmill which will help you stop the upward creep of material desire. Knowing how much is enough is a powerful skill to possess in this, the age of rampant consumerism.
Despite what advertisements tell us, stuff just doesn’t satisfy our desire for meaning, and it is a very poor substitute for your sense of self worth within a manipulative and demeaning society. I don’t mean to sound preachy, but it feels to me that consumerism in western society is totally out of control for all the wrong reasons.
So to sum it all up, treasure what you have. It will save your bank balance, and might just save a few resources in this ever declining, resource strapped, finite planet of ours.
Have you succumbed to this effect and regretted it later on? How did it make you feel?